International Training on Leve

International Training on Leveraging Urban Nature and Biodiversity for Local Development

INTRODUCTION:

The Philippines has a total land area of 299,404 square kilometers with a population estimated at 101,833,938 (July 2011, estimate from www.census.gov.ph) . The average population density of the country is 541.4 persons per sq.km.

The Philippines, being situated at the apex of the coral triangle, is considered to be the richest marine eco-region in the world and considered as the world’s mega-biodiversity center. The Philippines is also insular nature, equable and tropical in nature. It is also geographically isolated with diverse microhabitats and surrounded with mountain areas with high endemism rates.

The Philippine Archipelago comprises approximately 7,100 islands, most of which lie in three major island groups, namely Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. The Archipelago is somewhat elongate in shape, extending for 1,840 km from north to south, and about 1,000 km from east to west at its broadest. The total coastline is about 17,460 km.

Geographically, the Philippines are considered a part of Southeast Asia. The country is located between the Equator and the Tropic of Cancer, between latitudes 04°23′ and 21°25’N, and between longitudes 1 16°OO’ and 127°OO’E. It is bounded in the north by the Bashi Channel, in the east by the Pacific Ocean, in the south by the Celebes Sea, and in the west by the South China Sea.

The Philippines are situated some 965 km from the southeast coast of the mainland of Asia. To the north, Taiwan is the nearest neighbor, being only 97 km from Y’ami in Batanes Province, the northernmost island in the Philippine Archipelago. In the south, the archipelago extends to within a few kilometers of Sabah (North Borneo) and the northern Indonesian islands.

The Philippines are located in the “Pacific Ring of Fire”, a region of frequent volcanic activity. The country also lies on the western Pacific earthquake belt which is a region of frequent land movements. This situation may help to explain the pattern of landform and topographic characteristics of the archipelago which is composed of a series of mountain ranges running in a general north-south direction in close proximity to the sea. There are, however, no very high mountains or very steep slopes, and the highest peak, Mount Apo, is only 2,930 meters above sea level. The archipelago has rather few large rivers but many small rivers and streams which empty directly into the sea. There are some large internal plains between the main mountain ranges, and narrow coastal plains around most of the larger islands.

SOURCE: Haribon Foundation for the Conservation of Natural Resources

PROJECT TITLE: A Neighborhood Home for the Birds

EXPECTED RESULTS & IMPACT: Increase awareness and appreciation among donor-participants on the conservation of birdlife in the City of Manila and provide a temporary shelter to birds roaming around urban areas.

DIRECT AND INDIRECT BENEFICIARIES: Urban city-dwellers, City of Manila

PARTNERS AND THEIR ROLES:

Local Government of the City of Manila, Residents of Sampaloc (District IV), Manila: Funding

Selected College Students of Manila: Creation of habitable birdhouses as a project as part of their NSTP (National Service Training Program) a subject mandated by the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) . It aims to promote and integrate values education, transformational leadership, spirit of patriotism and nationalism and sustainable social mobilization for youth development, community building and national security. It is aimed at enhancing civic consciousness and defense preparedness in the youth by developing the ethics of service and patriotism while undergoing training. It is a curriculum requirement for all college students under Republic Act (RA) No. 9163. The law provides an opportunity for the youth to directly contribute in nation building.

Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) – Manila: Assistance in supervising creation of birdhouses as well as its installation and deployment.

PROJECT STATUS: For submission of proposal to Cong. Trisha Bonoan-David, District IV, City of Manila

SPECIFIC INPUTS EXPECTED FROM FELLOW PARTICIPANTS AND FROM THE CENTER’S STAFF FOR THE FORMULATION OF THE PROJECT: The design of a cost-effective birdhouse model.

PERSONAL ROLE IN IMPLEMENTING THE PROJECT: Strong linkages with the government, schools and other related-stakeholders, creation of an on-line environmental awareness campaign, supervision of its implementation and monitoring of its results.

NOTE: Other variations of this case study may include Manila Bay Coastal Clean Up, Tree Planting, Adopt-a-Seedling, and other related projects.
It is the little steps that bring change – MGD
Population
101,833,938 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 34.6% (male 17,999,279/female 17,285,040) ?15-64 years: 61.1% (male 31,103,967/female 31,097,203) ?65 years and over: 4.3% (male 1,876,805/female 2,471,644) (2011 est.)
Median age
total: 22.9 years ?male: 22.4 years ?female: 23.4 years (2011 est.)
Population growth rate
1.903% (2011 est.)
Birth rate
25.34 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate
5.02 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate
-1.29 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 49% of total population (2010) ?rate of urbanization: 2.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female ?under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female ?15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female ?65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female ?total population: 1 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 19.34 deaths/1,000 live births ?male: 21.84 deaths/1,000 live births ?female: 16.71 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 71.66 years ?male: 68.72 years ?female: 74.74 years (2011 est.)
Total fertility rate
3.19 children born/woman (2011 est.)
HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate
less than 0.1% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS
8,700 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS – deaths
fewer than 200 (2009 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: high ?food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever ?vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Japanese encephalitis ?water contact disease: leptospirosis (2009)
Nationality
noun: Filipino(s) ?adjective: Philippine
Ethnic groups
Tagalog 28.1%, Cebuano 13.1%, Ilocano 9%, Bisaya/Binisaya 7.6%, Hiligaynon Ilonggo 7.5%, Bikol 6%, Waray 3.4%, other 25.3% (2000 census)
Religions
Roman Catholic 80.9%, Muslim 5%, Evangelical 2.8%, Iglesia ni Kristo 2.3%, Aglipayan 2%, other Christian 4.5%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.6%, none 0.1% (2000 census)
Languages
Filipino (official; based on Tagalog) and English (official); eight major dialects – Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinan
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write ?total population: 92.6% ?male: 92.5% ?female: 92.7% (2000 census)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 12 years ?male: 12 years ?female: 12 years (2008)
Education expenditures
2.8% of GDP (2008)
Maternal mortality rate
94 deaths/100,000 live births (2008)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
20.7% (2003)
Health expenditures
3.8% of GDP (2009)
Physicians density
1.153 physicians/1,000 population (2004)
Hospital bed density
0.5 beds/1,000 population (2006)
Obesity – adult prevalence rate
4.3% (2003)