The Department of Homeland Security was formed through the coming together of all or part of some different federal departments (22), into a united field and an integrated department. DHS has become a uniquely modified and integrated department. It has resulted in a strong and secure America that is well equipped to counter and protect her people from the many threats that they face. Secretary Michael Cheroff got into office on February 15, 2005, and pushed on a (2SR). Second Stage Review. This was to skim through the operations of the department as well as its policies and structures. This effort unified more than 250 workforces from the department. There was the participation of 18 action teams. They consulted the private and the public associates at different levels that included the federal and international levels, as well as local and tribal levels. Secretary Michael Cheroff announced on July 13, the year 2005 that there was to be an agenda that was six-pointed, which according to the findings, included a huge reorganization in the department (Smith & Messina, 2004).
Department six-point agenda
These were the results of the Second Stage Review, enacted on July 2005. The Congress passed the Safe Port Act of 20069 (Public Law Act 109-347), The Security Accountability for Every Port Act. The Act allowed the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO) and brought to completion the reorganization of FEMA, shifting the Radiological Preparedness program, together with the Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program to FEMA.
Security accountability for every port act of 2006 (safe port act)
On October 13th, 2006, the recommendations that were implementing via the September 9/11 Act of 2007(Public Law 110-53) was passed through on August 7, 2007. The Act imposed the Post-Katrina Management Reform Act of 2006. It dwelt on the reorganization of the initial grant process as passed on by FEMA. The Act the operations involving the intelligence sector at the Department. This elevated the Assistant Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis on the lower levels of security. This required the Senate’s confirmation. As a consequence, many of the structures of the newly reconstructed homeland security force was in line with the recommendations that were in Report of the 9/11 Commission (Nakaya, 2005).
Implementing recommendations of the 9/11 commission act of 2007
In August 2007, The President requested in the fiscal year budget that the Federal Protective Service (FPS) be transferred from the U.S Immigration Office and the Customs Enforcement (ICE) to the (NPPD), the National Protection and Programs Directorate. This enhanced the making of decisions and put straight the protection given to federal buildings with DHS wider critical framework protection mission, and this was included in the bill of DHS appropriations. This was signed by Obama, U.S President, into law, on October 28, 2009. It also put the inter-government programs office to be of a higher stake from the initial NPPD to a more direct reporting to the Secretary and changed its name to Intergovernmental Affairs (Smith & Messina, 2004).
Transfer of federal protective service to the national protection, and programs directorate
Secretary Janet Napolitano in 2010 brought through the finishing of the first Quadrennial Security Review (QHSR), This brought about a unified and strategic framework for the missions of Homeland Security. As a result, DHS brought about a Bottom-up review (BUR) to be in unison with the programmatic activities and the structure of the organization to make more efficient, in its service to those missions and goals. The QHSR points to a complete assessment and out-look of Homeland Security up to now. DHS worked hand-in-hand with the National Security staff, the White House as well. Territorial partners were also involved, as well as federal agencies and departments, local and tribal partners, and our state. This represented a whole government set up in its approach to a national-wide security as seen and implied in the Administration (Nakaya, 2005).